King Minh Mang created the province of Hanoi in 1831, which included the ancient citadel Thang Long. Hanoi became a French colonial city in 1888 after the Nguyen Dynasty was defeated. The city remained in French control until 1954 when President Ho Chi Minh and the communist forces defeated the French and established a new government. After the war between north and south ended in 1975, Hanoi officially became the capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, as it remains today.
The Mang people group has a population in Vietnam of 3,700 and is one of 23 groups considered to be unengaged and unreached. This means that not only are the Mang less than 2 percent Evangelical Christian, but there are no current efforts to reach the Mang with the gospel. Many Mang will live their whole lives and never have the chance to hear about Jesus unless something changes.
What follows below is an interview with a Vietnamese church leader. His name has not been included for security reasons, and some information has been added or deleted for clarity and security purposes.
Ho Chi Minh City, formerly Saigon, lies in southern Vietnam along the Siagon River and north of the Mekong River. During the 1800s when the French controlled Vietnam, the city became a major port city and metropolitan center. When the Viet Minh group declared independence for Vietnam under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh in the north, a riot broke out in the city of Saigon. French troops regained control, beginning the first French Indochina War.